How many countries are in Africa: 54

Africa is the second-largest and second-most populous continent in the world, after Asia. It covers about 30.3 million square kilometers, which is about 20.4% of the Earth’s land area. It is also home to about 1.3 billion people, which is about 16.7% of the world’s population. Africa is a continent of great diversity, with more than 3,000 ethnic groups, more than 2,000 languages, and various cultures, religions, and traditions.

But how many countries are there in Africa? According to the United Nations, there are 54 countries in Africa today. These countries are divided into five subregions: Northern Africa, Eastern Africa, Western Africa, Middle Africa, and Southern Africa. Each subregion has its own characteristics, challenges, and opportunities.

Some of the countries are very large, such as Algeria, which is the largest African country by area, and Nigeria, which is the largest African country by population. Some of the countries are very small, such as Seychelles, which is the smallest African country by area, and Saint Helena, which is the smallest African country by population.

list of all the countries in Africa : 54 Country

The following is the list of all the countries in Africa, along with their population and subregion, based on the United Nations official statistics1:

CountryPopulation (2023)Subregion
Nigeria223,804,632Western Africa
Ethiopia126,527,060Eastern Africa
Egypt112,716,598Northern Africa
DR Congo102,262,808Middle Africa
Tanzania67,438,106Eastern Africa
South Africa60,414,495Southern Africa
Kenya55,100,586Eastern Africa
Uganda48,582,334Eastern Africa
Sudan48,109,006Northern Africa
Algeria45,606,480Northern Africa
Morocco37,840,044Northern Africa
Angola36,684,202Middle Africa
Ghana34,121,985Western Africa
Mozambique33,897,354Eastern Africa
Madagascar30,325,732Eastern Africa
Côte d’Ivoire28,873,034Western Africa
Cameroon28,647,293Middle Africa
Niger27,202,843Western Africa
Mali23,293,698Western Africa
Burkina Faso23,251,485Western Africa
Malawi20,931,751Eastern Africa
Zambia20,569,737Eastern Africa
Chad18,278,568Middle Africa
Somalia18,143,378Eastern Africa
Senegal17,763,163Western Africa
Zimbabwe16,665,409Eastern Africa
Guinea14,190,612Western Africa
Rwanda14,094,683Eastern Africa
Benin13,712,828Western Africa
Burundi13,238,559Eastern Africa
Tunisia12,458,223Northern Africa
South Sudan11,088,796Eastern Africa
Togo9,053,799Western Africa
Sierra Leone8,791,092Western Africa
Libya6,888,388Northern Africa
Congo6,106,869Middle Africa
Central African Republic5,742,315Middle Africa
Liberia5,418,377Western Africa
Mauritania4,862,989Western Africa
Eritrea3,748,901Eastern Africa
Gambia2,773,168Western Africa
Botswana2,675,352Southern Africa
Namibia2,604,172Southern Africa
Gabon2,436,566Middle Africa
Lesotho2,330,318Southern Africa
Guinea-Bissau2,150,842Western Africa
Equatorial Guinea1,714,671Middle Africa
Mauritius1,300,557Eastern Africa
Eswatini1,210,822Southern Africa
Djibouti1,136,455Eastern Africa
Comoros852,075Eastern Africa
Cabo Verde598,682Western Africa
Sao Tome & Principe231,856Middle Africa
Seychelles107,660Eastern Africa
list of all the countries in Africa

In addition to these 54 countries, there are also some dependencies or other territories in Africa that are not fully sovereign or recognized by the United Nations. These include:

TerritoryPopulation (2023)Dependency of
Réunion981,796France
Western Sahara587,259(disputed)
Mayotte335,995France
Saint Helena5,314U.K.
list of all the countries in Africa

Africa is a continent of immense beauty, diversity, and potential. It offers a wide range of experiences and opportunities for travelers, from adventure and wildlife to culture and history. It is also a continent of challenges and struggles, facing issues such as poverty, conflict, disease, and climate change.

However, it is also a continent of resilience and hope, where people are working hard to overcome their difficulties and achieve their dreams. Africa is a continent that deserves to be explored, appreciated, and supported by the rest of the world.

Why Western Sahara is not an African country?

Western Sahara is not an African country because it is not recognized as a sovereign state by most of the international community, including the United Nations and the African Union. Western Sahara is a disputed territory that is claimed by both Morocco and the Polisario Front, a Sahrawi nationalist movement that seeks independence for the region.

Western Sahara was a Spanish colony until 1975, when Spain withdrew and Morocco and Mauritania annexed parts of the territory. A war broke out between Morocco and the Polisario Front, which was supported by Algeria, until a ceasefire was reached in 1991. Since then, the status of Western Sahara has remained unresolved, despite several attempts to hold a referendum on self-determination.

Morocco controls about 80% of the territory, including the capital city of Laayoune, and considers it as part of its southern provinces. The Polisario Front controls the remaining 20% of the territory, which it calls the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), and has its headquarters in Tindouf, Algeria.

The SADR is recognized by some countries, mainly in Africa and Latin America, but not by the United Nations or the African Union. Western Sahara is therefore a contested territory that is neither a country nor a part of Morocco, according to international law.

How big is Africa?

Africa is a very large continent, with an area of about 30.3 million square kilometers (11.7 million square miles) . This means that Africa covers 20% of the Earth’s land area and 6% of its total surface area . To put this into perspective, Africa is big enough to fit the United States, China, India, Japan, Mexico, and many European countries combined 1. You can see a map that shows the true size of Africa compared to other countries here: Mapped: Visualizing the True Size of Africa.

Africa is also the second-most populous continent in the world, with about 1.4 billion people as of 2021 . This accounts for about 18% of the world’s human population. Africa has 54 fully recognized sovereign states, as well as some dependencies and disputed territories 2. You can see the list of all the countries in Africa, along with their population and subregion, here: Africa – Wikipedia.

Africa is a continent of great diversity, with more than 3,000 ethnic groups, more than 2,000 languages, and various cultures, religions, and traditions . Africa is also a continent of great beauty, with diverse landscapes, wildlife, and natural resources. Africa faces many challenges and opportunities, such as poverty, conflict, disease, climate change, development, and innovation. Africa is a continent that deserves to be explored, appreciated, and supported by the rest of the world.

According to the web search results, the largest countries in Africa by land area are as follows:

These 10 countries account for about 50% of the total land area of Africa, which is 30,265,522 km² (11,685,583 mi²) 1You can see more details and rankings of the African countries by area in the following links:

largest and smallest countries in Africa by land area are as follows:

the largest and smallest countries in Africa by land area are as follows:

The second-largest and second-smallest countries in Africa by land area are:

Richest countries in Africa

Looking at the purchasing gross domestic product (GDP) of the countries in Africa, the Top 5 richest countries in Africa in 2019 were:

  1. Egypt
  2. Nigeria
  3. South Africa
  4. Algeria
  5. Morocco

Poorest countries in Africa

The Top 5 poorest countries in Africa in 2019 by purchasing GDP were:

  1. Burundi
  2. The Central African Republic
  3. The Democratic Republic of the Congo
  4. Eritrea
  5. Liberia

Most populated countries in Africa

Nigeria is Africa’s most populated country, followed by Ethiopia, Egypt, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

  1. Nigeria: 181 million inhabitants; almost 16% of the African population
  2. Ethiopia: 104 million inhabitants; one of the fastest growing populations with an annual growth rate of 2.6%
  3. Egypt: 89 million inhabitants; almost 8% of the African population
  4. Democratic Republic of the Congo: 77 million inhabitants; one of the fastest growing populations in Africa and the world
  5. South Africa: 55 million inhabitants; constitutes almost 5% of the African population with annual population growth of 1.6%